In a widely attended hearing on Thursday morning, Rep. Barney Frank delivered the case for the regulation of the online gaming industry. The hearing featured several expert witnesses and questioning from a handful of members of the House Financial Services Committee. No committee vote was taken, and Rep. Frank concluded the meeting, saying, â€œWe will be returning to this subject next year.â€
The meeting was mostly informative, as various panel experts explained their background, what stance their organization held on Frankâ€™s bill to regulate the industry, and answered questions. However, it was sometimes contentious, as Rep. Frank and Rep. Spencer Bachus (R-AL) traded their very opposing viewpoints.
Rep. Frank opened the hearing with a statement on the necessity of regulation, and reiterated his belief that Congress was wrong to originally pass the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA) in 2006, a law that makes it difficult for payment processors to transfer money to online gaming sites.â€œI continue to believe that it is a great mistake for the Congress of the United States to tell adults what to do with their own money on a voluntary basis,â€ said Rep. Frank, the chairman of the committee.
Rep. Bachus, the ranking minority member of the committee and a staunch opponent of Frankâ€™s bill, said that the chairmanâ€™s bill would undercut the committeeâ€™s past efforts to protect children.â€œI believe that Internet gambling is, has been, and will continue to be a substantial threat to our youth â€¦ It leads to addiction, bankruptcy, and crime,â€ said Rep. Bachus.Rep. Bachus also shared some of the contents of a letter he received from an official of the FBIâ€™s cyber division, which claimed that â€œthere are several ways to cheat at online poker,â€ specifically referencing potential collusion by players at a table.
Shawn Henry, the assistant director for the division, did acknowledge that poker sites had the capability to detect such cheating, saying, â€œThe online poker vendors could detect this activity and put in place safeguards to discourage cheating, although it is unclear what the incentive would be for the vendor.â€
The Poker Players Alliance blasted the claim a few hours later in a press release entitled, â€œPPA: FBI Letter Wrongfully Cites Online Poker Myths, But Underscores Need for Licensing and Regulation.â€â€œEvery concern the letter raises is better addressed by licensing and regulation than by prohibition,â€ said John Pappas, the Poker Players Alliance executive director. â€œThe letter misconstrues much about the current state of online poker, but it does so in a way that clearly makes the case for why federal oversight is necessary.â€
The committee called upon seven witnesses during the hearing: Robert Martin, the tribal chairman of the Morongo Band of Mission Indians; Parry Aftab, the executive director of WiredSafety; Malcolm K. Sparrow, of John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University; Keith S. Whyte, the executive director of the National Council on Problem Gambling; Jim Dowling of the Dowling Advisory Group; Samuel A. Vallandingham, the chief information officer and vice president of The First State Bank on behalf of the Independent Community Bankers of America; and Mike Brodsky, the executive chairman of Youbet.com. Martin, whose tribe has independently pursued intrastate online poker in California, was the only person on the panel who officially opposed Frankâ€™s call for federal regulation.
Perhaps the most persuasive testimony in support of online poker regulation came from Ms. Aftab, who admitted she had qualms with online gaming and even went so far as to commend the efforts of Rep. Bachus. But she said that her experiences have led her to support Rep. Frankâ€™s bill. â€œI get about a thousand e-mails a day from people who come to us for help, and many of those are relating to online gambling,â€ said Aftab. â€œIt is particularly interesting, and I call it ironic, that I am sitting here today, saying that the only way to protect consumers from online gambling risks is by legalizing it. I never thought I would ever say such a thing, but if we donâ€™t legalize it, we canâ€™t regulate it.â€
Aftab said the current policy on online gaming is flawed, saying it represents a â€œhear no evil, see no evilâ€ strategy.After each witness testified and answered questions from the members of Congress in attendance, Rep. Frank adjourned the meeting and said that Congress would continue the conversation after the New Year.